Monday, October 17, 2011

Steampunk 101

In the sixth grade, I chose H.G. Wells' The Time Machine to do a book report on. After reading this incredible piece of literature, I was hooked on science fiction and have been ever since. A year later, I read Jules Verne's Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea and was fascinated with the state-of-the-art submarine, The Nautilus.

Throughout the years, I've always been a fan of this certain subgenre of science fiction but never knew it's official name. I loved the idea where the Industrial Revolution meets sci-fi. Where steam is the main power source. And where anything is possible. And I have to thank long time blogger buddy Weird Girl for finally putting a name to the stuff I loved so much.

Steampunk, as it's called, is popular not just as a subgenre of science fiction, but also as a subculture. In books and movies, it's an awesome mix of science fiction and fantasy. Although the technology is certainly Victorian and 19th century, it is not exclusive to the Victorian Age as far as setting and culture goes.

Here are the basics of Steampunk, and why it's so damn cool:

1) Steam, steam, and more steam. Steampunk centers around the idea of a big what if:  instead of electricity powering everything, what if steam was the main source of energy? In a steampunk story, you might still see ray guns and computers, but powered by steam, clockworks, cogs, gears, and other cool stuff.

2) Airships, dirigbles, and balloons...oh my! I love me some airships. Whether they're powered by helium, hydrogen, or some other mysterious or other wordly gas, you gotta have cool airships in a steampunk setting. One of my favorites was in the movie, The Golden Compass. Jetpacks are cool too. Think The Rocketeer.

3) Gadgets! Remember that old TV show Wild Wild West. Yup, that was steampunk to the max. OK, so the movie with Will Smith and Kevin Kline was totally steampunk too, but just plain sucked (although the special effects were incredible). My favorite gadgets from the show had to be the sleeve gun, the exploding billiard ball, and the steam powered tank! The short-lived show The Adventures of Brisco County Jr. followed in its footsteps, and it's too bad the show was cancelled after only one season.

4) Robots and automatons. This is a relatively newer aspect of steampunk, but one of my favorites. Giant robots powered by gears and steam, how cool is that? Sometimes, you'll even see people with steampunk robotic parts - like a mechanical arm or leg. They're even steampunk-ing R2D2!

5) It's everywhere. Steampunk is in every form of media/entertainment. Steampunk isn't limited to just books, movies, and TV shows. It's a form of fashion, and pretty prevalent in video games, like Final Fantasy. I spoke with a Halloween costume website owner, and he said that steampunk costumes are flying off their virtual shelves.

If you're new to this awesome fusion of past and future, you might want to check out some of the following:

Movies: The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, The Golden Compass, Sherlock Holmes (the new one), and the upcoming Three Musketeers is going to be a HUGE steampunk-fest. Check out the official Three Musketeers website.

Anime: Steam Boy, Samurai 7, Howl's Moving Castle, and Last Exile

Books: H.G. Wells and Jules Verne, duh. But Mary Shelly's Frankenstein is steampunk for sure. Newer titles include Scott Westerfield's Leviathan series, Cherie Priest Clockwork Century Universe series, and I plan on checking out Joseph Robert Lewis' Halcyon Trylogy series.



115 comments:

The Desert Rocks said...

You're right Jay, I wondered what Steampunk really consisted of and I'm still wondering what the punk has to do with it. Great post and thanks for clearing up my misconceptions. I know I like this genre now!

Jay Noel said...

The "punk" aspect is two-fold. The term "cyberbunk" came first. The movie The Bladerunner is a great example.

The term "steampunk" came later. And I think the "punk" suffix comes from the fact that many see steampunk as being a sub-culture. But really, it just kinda got stuck with being grouped into a "punk" genre, despite it not really belonging there.

For me, it's just a fun genre - and the juxtaposition of technology is not only aesthetically magnificent, but just so very cool.

M Pax said...

Steampunk is fun. I've dabbled in it and cyberpunk. They're fascinating worlds.

T. S. Bazelli said...

It turns out I enjoyed steampunk before there was a term for it. ;)

Jay Noel said...

There's also Dieselpunk! It's supposed to bridge the "timeline" gap between Steampunk and Cyberpunk. Technology is based on more post WWI through WWII. Great example is Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow.

Tiyana, aka "Yoyo" said...

Haha, I love the steampunk'd R2-D2. :D

Personally, I wouldn't consider The Rocketeer to be steampunk. It definitely seems more dieselpunk...but that's just my opinion, heh.

Speaking of automatons, though, the upcoming movie Hugo looks like it's going to have one in it!

Mr. Shife said...

I like it, and steampunk is such a cool name. Thanks for the info. Never heard of this before today.

the weirdgirl said...

That's funny you bring this up! I just started working on another steampunk gun. Something about Halloween brings it out in me. I'm also dressing up as a mad scientist. I figure mad scientists span the ages.

Jay Noel said...

Tiyana - You know, The Rocketeer is dieselpunk. You're right on. 1930s for sure. I'm going to check out Hugo.

Shife - It's all around you! But at least now you can put a name to the style.

WG - That's right! It was that post you did on the gun where I FIRST realized that all this time, I loved steampunk! Love mad scientists too!

Miranda Hardy said...

I've seen so many steampunk films and never read any of the books. I need to start checking some out.

Milo James Fowler said...

I remember Brisco! That was one heck of a show.

Jay Noel said...

Miranda - there's so much out there now. A great place to start is steampunkkindle.com - Lots of new authors, samples, and giveaways.

Milo - It was so good. Anything with Bruce Campbell is gonna rock.

John Wiswell said...

The item that most interested me came at the end. How is Shelly's Frankenstein a Steampunk novel? The means of vivification are left ambiguous, though most famous film adaptations say the thunderstorm outside powered it with electricity. Naturally the novel hits the period of Steampunk since it was written back then. Does the raw aesthetic inherent in being written then define it for you?

Jay Noel said...

John - the time period certainly suggests Steampunk. But to label something Steampunk also goes beyond aesthetics, although oftentimes it can just be that. Steampunk is also thematic. The power and morality of science is a very strong theme in Steampunk. In the novel, it was the theory of Galvanism (an 18th century theory created by Darwin's grandson). Can science go too far???

The "mad scientist" role is also a pretty fun Steampunk character/theme.

Having branched out from Cyberpunk, and being lumped with all the other "punk" genres, Steampunk does have some roots in gothic storytelling. Many even say that steampunk is what happens when goths discover brown.

These days, Steampunk doesn't even have to be time period specific. Many sci-fantasy books are creating worlds with that Steampunk feel.

delmer said...

My kids have used the work "steampunk" but I never had any idea what it was.

"2000 Leagues Under the Sea" is the book that taught me to look up a word if I'm not sure what it means in a story. The book made so much more sense when, I'm guessing halfway through, I looked up the work "screw."

Jay Noel said...

Delmer, That's pretty funny. I remember when one of the shipmates says, "the screw and the rudder" are damaged or whatever from the monster.

Who knew "screw" also meant "propeller?"

Phats said...

This was an interesting post, learn something new everyday!

Jay Noel said...

Thanks Phats! You know, the Boilermakers' logo is pretty steampunk too.

Laura Eno said...

Steampunk fascinates me, but I'm afraid to write it. I don't know enough about mechanical whoosits or steam power to bluff my way through.

Joel Gray said...

Good article on the steampunk genre! I've always loved a technologically advanced past. Jules Verne was a real visionary and many are now starting to call him the original inspiration for steampunk. His books are filled with inventions that did not exist at the time they were written but only came into existance years later. He made some amazing predictions.

Check out this article on Jules Verne:

Jules Verne: A Novelist Who Accurately Envisioned the Future

http://spaceforswashbuckling.blogspot.com/

Jay Noel said...

Laura, I think I have a whoosit somewhere around here.

Joel, Thanks for the link. I'm going to check it out right now!

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