One of the subjects that always draws me in is how whole civilizations just disappear. What the hell happens to these people? Many have built whole kingdoms spread over a large area, but then POOF....they're gone. Leaving little to no clues as to what became of them.
Here are 5 really strange instances of entire civilizations that vanished:
1) The ancient Myceneans was the Greek civilization often attributed to the defeat of Troy in Homer's Iliad.
They were a powerful civilization between 15th and 13th BCE. The Mycenaeans were also masters of seafaring, tool making, and warfare. Their demise remains a mystery. Many have attributed to their demise to invaders, earthquakes, and political infighting. Regardless, when the Myceneans disappeared, Greek society entered their own "Dark Age."
2) Indus Valley in the areas of Pakistan, India, Iran, and Afghanistan was home to 5 million people over 3,000 years ago (10% of the world's population at the time). They possessed some amazing technology that included architecture, roadways, and even plumbing with indoor toilets. Then they disappeared. Scientists today believe climate change is what destroyed this civilization. The land used to be much more fertile, but drastic drops in rainfall might have made it impossible to grow crops.
|Moai on Easter Island|
4) The Anasazi was a Native American civilization that lived in the area where New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah all touch each other. 700 years ago, the Anasazi liked to build amazing towns and cities out of stone. They even carved entire towns out of the faces of cliffs. Then around 1300 AD, they disappeared. Scientists also peg their destruction to climate change, but many other factors just don't jive with that theory. Some even talk about wars or cannibalism, but evidence doesn't prove that either.
|Artist's depiction of Cahokia at its height|